3GPP TSG #80 Plenary Meeting has approved the completion of the standalone (SA) Release 15, 5G specifications. After the release of the 5G NR specifications for non-standalone (NSA) operation in Dec. 2017, another essential step of standardization of 5G has been successfully completed. Now, the whole industry is taking the final sprint towards 5G commercialization.
The completion of SA specifications which complements the NSA specifications, not only gives 5G NR the ability of independent deployment, but also brings a brand new end-to-end network architecture, making 5G a facilitator and an accelerator during the intelligent information and communications technology improvement process of enterprise customers and vertical industries. New business models will be enabled and a new era where everything is interconnected will be opened up for both mobile operators and industrial partners.
Now, if you’ve been paying attention to the cellular industry, this may sound familiar and for good reason: the 3GPP also announced a finished 5G standard in December 2017. The difference is that the December specification was for the non-standalone version of 5G NR, which would still be built on top of existing legacy LTE networks. The agreed-upon specification from this week is the standalone version of 5G, which allows for new deployments of 5G in places that didn’t necessarily have that existing infrastructure.
The first 5G standard (Release 15, NSA – non stand-alone – mode, Option 3) was finalized at the end of 2017. Fully standard-compliant radio systems will likely be available at the end of 2018. This means we expect to see 5G start being deployed by leading operators during 2019.
The first 3GPP-compliant 5G smartphones and tablets are likely to be launched in 2019.
The market for industrial IoT, or critical M2M, services is at an earlier stage, but will likely be a significant market in the longer term.
Full compliance with the ITU’s IMT-2020 requirements is anticipated with the completion of 3GPP Release 16 at the end of 2019 – In Phase 2 of the 3GPP 5G effort.
The steady increase in computing power on the Top500 list of supercomputers. Today’s slowest machine has the performance of the fastest one in 2008.
SAP announced the expansion of its SAP Leonardo Blockchain technologies, which create immediate business value for customers.
Recently, analyst firm Gartner published a study stating that “the enterprise shows little interest in blockchain.” Though the future is far more promising, the reasons mentioned for companies hesitating now are quite interesting. According to the survey, the challenges are:
- A lack of skills to help in the implementation of blockchain projects
- Accommodation of growth in resources as blockchain developments grow
- Blockchain solutions require radical changes to the structure of IT departments
Companies do not need to fear any of these challenges with SAP as the partner of choice to conveniently explore, integrate, and scale blockchain.
SAP Cloud Platform Blockchain is a new blockchain as a service enabling enterprises to easily build and extend business solutions with blockchain technologies, such as Hyperledger Fabric and MultiChain. About 65 companies participate in the SAP blockchain co-innovation initiative to help customers use manufacturing and supply-chain products augmented by blockchain to enhance transparency, safety and collaboration in industries such as transportation, food, and pharmaceuticals. To ensure quality, U.S. sausage maker Johnsonville LLC is using blockchain to trace the origin of products across the supply chain.
Every time you make a secure connection over the internet – to your bank, to Facebook, or nearly anywhere online – cryptography is what keeps that communication secure. Some of that cryptography is based upon mathematical problems known to be solvable by a quantum computer. As the scientists working on quantum computers continue to make progress, cryptographers are at work as well, developing new post-quantum cryptosystems based upon mathematical problems which we believe are resistant to quantum attacks.
When it comes time, migrating all network traffic, including communications from services and applications, to new post-quantum cryptography will be a time-consuming and lengthy process. Fortunately, we have some time. Even the most optimistic estimates are that it will be five or more years before a sufficiently powerful and stable quantum computer capable of breaking today’s public-key cryptography is running.
Digital Transformation, PKI and Shor’s algorithm
Everyone talks about digital transformation. Almost none of them is aware that in 5 years quantum computers will probably have the potential for breaking private keys used for digital signatures.
The problem is that digital transformation relies on PKI cryptography mechanism. What will happen when someone rewrite and change original digital document and sign it again with original private key? Non-repudiation will not exist anymore.
In that time we will probably use another cryptography algorithms (quantum criptography), but for all older documents that were signed with PKI the authenticity will be repudiated.
SAP’s Two-Tier ERP strategy with SAP S/4HANA Cloud is in line with Gartner’s
statements on Bimodal IT, which positions two different modes as explained in the
previous section. SAP’s Two-Tier deployment provides enterprises with an opportunity
to standardize the end to end business processes across multiple tiers. By selecting
SAP S/4HANA Cloud for their Tier 2, customers get the benefit of Software as a Service
(SaaS) which can be implemented by standard template, thereby reducing the cost and
ancillary IT expenses by having pre-configured solution.